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Tetiana Salnikova

graduate student. National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Kharkiv (Ukraine)

 DOI - https://doi.org/10.52363/dcpp-2023.1.7

Keywords: combatants, self-concept, harmony type of self-concept, disharmony type of self-concept, balanced type of self-concept

The article is devoted to the study of the features of the components of the self-concept of combatants. It has been established that the self-concept of a person is a core formation of a person's ontogenetic development, a central link of self-awareness, a relatively established dynamic and to some extent conscious system of a person's ideas about himself, a holistic image of his own self, which synthesizes his self-perception and idealistic self-image. Self-concept performs adaptive, prognostic and protective functions. The structure of the self-concept of combatants is singled out, which includes such components as the mental self, the physical self, and the social self. Empirically, it has been proven that the disharmonious type of self-concept prevails in most of the researched, and the dominant type of disharmony is family. The age peak of disharmony among combatants is middle adulthood. In men, the indicated disharmony is more pronounced. As the level of education increases, disharmony decreases. Married combatants have high rates disharmony of self-concept , but if the family has children, the disharmony balances out. The disharmony of the self-concept decreases with the time spent in the combat zone, which prompts further research into the peculiarities of the adaptability of our defenders, the factors that influence it, and their relationship with the self-concept. The most problematic type of disharmony is the student's self-concept compared to professional and family self-concept. The specified disharmony arises due to differences in the indicators of the components of the self-concept, harmony arises from an approximately equal distribution of a person's personal resources in the personal, professional and family spheres.

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